Tights, Pantyhose, or Stockings - whichever you decide to call it, this fabulous accessory has been around for hundreds of years. Let us show you how stockings are made today. 

Pantyhose

 

The process starts by feeding five to eight threads of nylon, spandex, and or cotton into a machine. Depending on the type of hose that is produced, the combination of materials is selected. While most tights begin with white threads, the process can start with non-white color thread (such as lurex, a type of metallic thread). At a rate of 750- 1200 revolutions per minute, threads are then woven together in a tubular fashion. Within ninety seconds, tubes of fabric are produced and are inspected for quality assurance. Next, each tube of fabric is cut in the middle to prepare for a gusset, which is the centerpiece of fabric that holds the two legs together. Then, each pair of stockings are flipped inside out for the foot to be sewn together. Extra material is cut off at the same time by a machine. Finally, the stockings are flipped inside out for the gusset to be installed, finalizing the construction of the hosiery. 

Audubon Hosiery MillsAudubon Hosiery Mills, 1982.

 
It's worth noting here that the method mentioned above is very modern. In the past, stockings were made by sewing threads of nylons or cotton to form sheets (and not tubes) of fabric together. Additionally, all stockings featured a back-seam (as that was how sheets of fabric were joined together) and a darkened heel and toe as extra material was used to reinforce those areas.

Remember how we previously mentioned that most stockings are made with white thread? The reason for this is because most (if not all) hosiery requires a color dye. Once the construction is complete, stockings are placed in a machine for washing (with soapy water) and dying.

As soon as the hosiery is dried, each pair of tights are inspected. Stocking that passes through inspection is then pressed, steamed, dried, and packaged for consumption.

VienneMilano Retail Packaging

At VienneMilano, we believe that legs are a canvas for color and texture, and hosiery allows you to express your style and creativity. We hope you've enjoyed learning about how stockings are generally made. Have a follow-up question to this process? Leave us your comment or question below.

July 19, 2019

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